What is hepatitis?
Hepatitis is an inflammatory disease of the liver. Hepatitis is most commonly caused by a viral infection, but there are other causes. These include autoimmune hepatitis as well as hepatitis caused by medications, drugs, toxins, and alcohol. Autoimmune hepatitis is a condition in which your body produces antibodies against your liver tissue.
Hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E are the five major viral classifications of hepatitis. Each type of viral hepatitis is caused by a different virus. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 354 million people worldwide are infected with chronic hepatitis B and C.
Causes of Hepatitis
- Alcohol and other toxins
- Excessive alcohol consumption can harm the liver and cause inflammation. This is also known as alcoholic hepatitis.
- The alcohol directly damages the liver cells. It can cause permanent damage and lead to liver tissue thickening or scarring (cirrhosis) and liver failure over time.
- Misuse of medications and exposure to toxins are two other toxic causes of hepatitis.
- Autoimmune system response
- In some cases, the immune system misidentifies the liver as harmful and attacks it. This causes ongoing inflammation, which can range from mild to severe and frequently impairs liver function. It affects women three times more than men.
Common symptoms of hepatitis
- If you have a chronic form of hepatitis, such as hepatitis B or C, you may not experience symptoms until the damage affects liver function. People with acute hepatitis, on the other hand, may exhibit symptoms soon after contracting a hepatitis virus.
- Examples of symptoms include fatigue, flu-like symptoms, dark urine, pale stool, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, unexplained weight loss and yellow skin and eyes.
How can hepatitis be treated?
- History and physical exam
- To diagnose all types of hepatitis, your doctor will first review your medical history to identify any risk factors you may have.
- During a physical exam, your doctor may gently press down on your abdomen to see if there is any pain or tenderness. Your doctor may also look for liver swelling and yellow discoloration in your eyes or skin.
- Liver function tests
- Tests for liver function Use blood samples to determine how well your liver functions.
- Abnormal results from these tests may be the first sign of a problem, especially if you don’t show any signs of liver disease on a physical exam. High levels of liver enzymes may indicate that your liver is stressed, damaged, or not functioning properly.
- Liver biopsy
- Doctors will examine your liver for potential damage when diagnosing hepatitis. dependable source A liver biopsy is a procedure in which a sample of tissue from your liver is taken.
- This sample may be taken through your skin with a needle by a medical professional, eliminating the need for surgery. During this procedure, they will typically use an ultrasound scan for guidance.
- This test allows your doctor to determine the impact of infection or inflammation on your liver.
- An abdominal ultrasound creates an image of the organs in your abdomen using ultrasound waves. This test allows your doctor to examine your liver and surrounding organs in detail. It is capable of revealing fluid in your abdomen or liver damage and enlargement. You can also find out here on the remedy for hepatitis malaysia.